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Retained cotton foreign bodies (gossypibomas) after abdominal surgery are rare postoperative complication. However gossypiboma can be infected, that leads to pyogenic inflammation, sharply worsens the condition of the patient and requiring re-operation. In late postoperative period gossypibomas can simulate neoplasms of the abdominal cavity In connection with this, the detection of foreign bodies is actual diagnostic problem. MDCT is one of the most effective non-invasive methods in diagnostics of retained foreign bodies. Such diagnostics needs to be careful in examination of the patient's anamnesis and to know variants of computed tomography imaging. The use of radiopaque tags for marking surgical materials, probably, is the optimal solution of gossypiboma disgnostics' problem.



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